Hazard mitigation planning
Scenarios can be used to drive the planning process, in particular when communities are faced with decisions about reducing or mitigating risk.
Building a resilient city
A recent example of using a scenario to define resilience goals and develop mitigation policies to achieve these goals is The Resilient City project of the San Francisco Planning and Urban Research Association (SPUR). In their discussion of the “expected” earthquake, the authors of the report point out that scenario earthquakes are especially useful for citywide or regional planning, and are easier to understand than probabilistic measures, which makes them effective for communicating earthquake risk to policymakers and the public.
The report is available here.
(Click title) This is a project in the Charleston, South Carolina region to help residents understand the natural hazards facing their communities and to plan for them using holistic planning and management strategies. The initiative will map regional resources and identify vulnerable neighborhoods and facilities. It will identify areas at risk from natural hazards and conservation areas that may help to mitigate hazards’ impacts. Project support teams will use computer applications to help residents visualize alternative future scenarios, compare impacts from the different development-conservation alternatives, and select preferred scenarios.
Building a resilient state
Another example of using hazard information in planning is The Oregon Partnership for Disaster Resilience (Partnership), a coalition of public, private, and professional organizations working collectively toward the mission of creating a disaster resilient and sustainable state. Scenarios are used as part of the planning process in individual Oregon cities. Visit the website for much more information and extensive examples.